Getting to Know Your Menstrual Cycle Stages

Getting to Know Your Menstrual Cycle Stages

Published on: 22/11/2023
Last updated on: 31/01/2024
Written By Molly Wilson

All women go through tough times when they have to bear the pain of menstruation. Most of the time, menstruation pain turns out to be extremely painful for women.

Dealing with menstruation is not easy for women. Owing to heavy bleeding, some women cannot do their house chores. Menstruation is an imperative part for every woman. It helps women reproduce the birth of a baby.

In the process of reproduction, a menstrual cycle is necessary. The cycle seems to be complex. Different hormones and glands control the menstruation cycle. There are four stages of the menstruation cycle which every woman goes through. The four stages are menstruation, follicular stage, ovulation, and luteal stage. Some women experience heavy periods. Whereas, other women experience light periods.

Many women experience heavy or light periods due to the problem in the uterus. If a woman passes through the four stages of the menstruation cycle, she can conceive with ease. Women’s conception depends on the menstruation cycle.

It is necessary to have a health checkup regularly to know the condition of your reproductive system. Having a regular health checkup can help women keep menstruation problems away.

Tips For Periods: One way to promote hormonal balance is to limit sugar, alcohol, and caffeine during your cycle. In addition, limiting these things can help reduce cramping as they have been found to actually trigger cramps during menstruation.

Peek Into Menstruation

It is the menstruation cycle which prepares your body for conception. When you are not pregnant, your hormones send signals to the uterus to shed the lining. When the uterus does not shed its lining, you will not be pregnant. Getting your period is essential to make the process of pregnancy normal. When you start getting your period, the cycle of menstruation starts again.

A menstrual cycle is measured when your periods start from the first day and continue to the first day of your next period. The normal length of a menstrual cycle is 28 or 29 days. It is important to keep in mind that every woman’s monthly cycle is different.

Teenagers may have a monthly cycle which lasts for 45 days. Women who are in their early 20s or 30s have a monthly cycle that lasts for 38 days.

When you get your first period, it is known as menarche. The average age of starting is 12 or 13. There are some women whose period starts at the age of 9 or 16. The last period is known as menopause. Some women get their menopause at the age of 50. Others get their menopause at the age of 60.

Common Menstrual Issues 

There are common menstrual issues that a lot of women go through such as premenstrual syndrome. It is a hormonal event that triggers a period that triggers side effects. It includes fatigue, headache, fluid retention, and irritability. Treatment options are dietary changes and exercise.

Another menstrual problem is dysmenorrhoea. It is a painful period in which the uterus squeezes harder than required. Women experience heavy bleeding in dysmenorrhoea. Treatment options are oral contraceptive pills or pain-relieving medications.

Another menstrual problem is heavy menstrual bleeding which is known as menorrhagia. If you do not treat this menstrual problem, it can cause anemia. Treatment options are medications that control heavy bleeding in women.

Four Stages Of Menstrual Cycle 

There are four stages of the menstrual cycle which every woman experiences which are listed below.

1. Menstruation:

MenstruationThe other name of the period is menstruation. While menstruating, the uterus lining flows out and sheds from your vagina. It is essential to know that your period consists of mucus, blood, and some cells which shed from the lining of your uterus.

Most women have their periods for about three or seven days. Many women make use of sanitary napkins or tampons. Some women also use menstrual cups or period underwear. It is necessary to change your sanitary napkins and tampons regularly. Menstrual cups need to change every 8 or 12 hours.

2. Follicular Phase:

Follicular PhaseThe follicular phase begins on the first day of your period and it continues for 13 or 14 days. It ends at the end of your ovulation day. The pituitary gland in your brain releases a hormone. This hormone stimulates the production of follicles which are on the surface of the ovary.

Only one follicle gets matured into an egg. This takes place from the 10th day of your period cycle. At this stage, the lining of the uterus gets thickened, as it prepares for conception.

3. Ovulation:

OvulationA mature egg gets released from your ovary and moves in the fallopian tube and then the uterus. This entire process is known as ovulation which takes place once every month. It is noticed that ovulation lasts for 16 to 32 hours.

Ovulation happens between 12 and 14 days after your period. You can conceive on the day of the ovulation or the 5th day of the ovulation. Most women conceive after three days of ovulation. When the egg comes out of the ovary, it will survive for 24 hours. If the sperm reaches the egg at this point in time, the chances of pregnancy are high.

4. Luteal Phase:

Luteal PhaseCells in the ovary come out of the ovary after ovulation. At this time, progesterone hormone and a small amount of estrogen get released. These two hormones sustain the thickened lining of the uterus.

If the fertilized egg is attacked in the lining of the uterus, the cells keep producing progesterone. As a result, it sustains the thickened lining of the uterus. If there is no pregnancy, the cells in the ovary die, and the levels of progesterone drop. As a result, you will get a period.

When Should You Go To See A Gynecologist? 

If you are worried about your period, speak to your healthcare provider. If the patterns of your period change or you are getting prolonged periods, you share and notify your healthcare provider. If your period continues for more than eight days, you should consult your healthcare practitioner.

If you get your period before 21 days, tell your gynecologist. If you do not get your periods after 35 days, talk to your healthcare provider. In case you bleed during your sexual intimacy or you bleed during your period, report it to your medical provider.

Bottom Line 

Getting to know about your menstrual stages is important for all women. Every woman should have a thorough knowledge of the menstrual stage they experience every month. If you notice any unusual changes in your period, give a call to your gynecologist.